The Salmon River in New York transforms into a winter haven for dedicated steelhead anglers. With the New York Department of Environmental Conservation stocking over 120,000 Chambers Creek-strain steelhead annually, winter brings the largest steelhead to the river, some weighing over 10 pounds.

Angler’s Attire: Dress for Success

Surviving the icy waters demands proper gear. Forget traditional long johns—opt for lightweight fleece for superior warmth. Layering is crucial, with mid-weight micro-fleece and a heavier garment, all topped with a breathable waterproof shell.

Waders and Jackets: Evolving for Comfort

Breathable waders replace the bulkiness of neoprene, offering warmth without sacrificing comfort. Modern wading jackets, windproof and waterproof, keep anglers warm while ensuring mobility.

Tackle Tips: Gearing Up for Success

A 9-foot, 6- or 7-weight rod is ideal, accompanied by a medium-size reel with a smooth drag. Floating running line is preferred, allowing for less water retention and effective fishing near the riverbed. A light tippet of 4- to 6-pound-test fluorocarbon is crucial.

Techniques: Matching Patience with Precision

Steelhead behavior changes in winter; they become less aggressive. Patience is key, and covering water methodically pays off. A strike indicator aids in detecting subtle takes. Casts should progress farther each time, ensuring a slow presentation close to the riverbed.

Safety First: Mitigating Winter Risks

Winter fishing poses unique challenges. Always wear a wading belt, use a wading staff for balance, and equip waders with cleats for better traction. A personal flotation device is advisable, along with hand warmers to combat the cold.

While winter steelheading may defy logic to some, Salmon River anglers are too immersed in the experience to analyze it. The river’s deep pools teem with wintering steelhead, offering a rewarding adventure for those willing to brave the cold.

Images/Source: OnTheWater